Monday, May 25, 2020
Stay-Leave Decisions in Domestic Abusive Relationships Jennypher White George Mason University Abstract Prior research has given a variety of explanations for the reasons domestic violence men and women decided to stay in an abusive relationship. Operant conditioning principles theories This study will implement the principles of operant conditioning to explain the challenges domestic violence victims face when making decisions to either stay or leave the abuser. The participants in this experiment will be domestic violence victims who will complete two sets of surveys after arriving to a shelter. The data collected from this study will attempt to support prior theories on operant conditioning principles and stay-leave decisions of victims. Introduction Operant conditioning is defined as the effects of the consequences that influence a behavior. Skinner was one of the first experimenters who studied and gave a new meaning to the basic principles of operant conditioning. He discovered a three part process of principal operant conditioning: behavior that produces a consequence, the consequence that either increases or decreases the repetition of the original behavior, and a stimulus that follows a behavior and a gives a signal to another consequence. An operant behavior, or operant, is a set of responses that are made and ends up causing a consequence and therefore affect the effect of future responses. Reinforcers and punishers either increase the frequency of the behaviorShow MoreRelatedImportant Statistics Regarding The Frequency Of Domestic Violence965 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesImportant statistics regarding the frequency of domestic violence Domestic violence is a common real life issue in our society. It happens in all ethnic groups, social classes, religions, and cultures. In the U.S., a woman is beaten or assaulted every nine seconds. Moreover, between three million and four million women are abused yearly by an intimate partner. One in four women will experience domestic violence during her lifetime. A study that was conducted in walk-in clinics and emergency roomsRead MoreBattered Women Syndrome1311 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDomestic violence is often perceived as males projecting physical abuse to female victims which overlooks the psychological abuse that they also experience (Carlson and Worden, 2005). Jill is a domestic violence survivor who filed a restraining order against her husband. Jill remained with her husband despite being abused because she felt threatened to leave the relationship. Her behavior triggered battered-women syndrome. Battered- women syndrome refers to the male batterÃ¢â¬â¢s violent behavior patternsRead MoreWhat Causes Victims Of Domestic Violence1257 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat causes victims of domestic violence to stay? Every year in the United States, One in four women are victims of the domestic violence; however, this is only based on what has been reported to the department of justice (Stahly 2008). While men are also victims of domestic violence, women are more often the victims. Moreover, 90% of domestic violence is male initiated. In severe cases domestic violence ends with victims being murdered. More specifically, domestic violence resulted in 2,340 deathsRead Morewhy do people stay abusive relationships1231 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Fighting for a relationship Ike and Tina Turner was a famous couple to compose music in the late 20th century. (Wikane) The media convinced the world that they were a happy and peaceful couple. During their prime, most did not know that Tina was abused on countless occasions by Ike physically and verbally. In some situations, he would order her to have intercourse with him after a vicious beating. In addition, he threatened her life and to end her career if she told anyone or left him. AsRead MoreThe Effects Of Intimate Partner Violence On Women1421 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfemale victims of abusive relationships. Women involved in IPV report poor healthÃ¢â¬ârelated quality of life. Their personalities and associated behaviors change as they psychologically adjust and situationally adapt to an abusive environment. Unfortunately, women in abuse relationships attempt to adaptively cope through expressive forms of depersonalization, dissociation, and forgetfulness. Persistent exposure to manipulated conditions als o influences the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to stay or leave the abuseRead MoreThe Problem Of Abusive Relationships1108 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesstranded in abusive relationships. Abusive relationships are being downplayed, we cannot sit here and pretend they donÃ¢â¬â¢t exist. We must ask ourselves, how can we help, what is the solution, why is the number of abusive relationships increasing? Although this is something society would like to ignore, I would like to shine a little light on the subject; being educated is the first step towards truly understanding and being capable of making a difference in someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Abusive relationships are notRead Morewomen against violence - violence in the home1468 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Violence In The Home Ã¢â¬Æ' Violence in the Home Domestic violence has been a critical issue impacting women globally for many years, in which extreme acts of violence and aggression are put forth as they dominate their partner in such forms of verbal, physical, sexual, emotional, psychological, and physical, abuse. These behaviours said to be socially learned and are a criminal act when caught or reported to law enforcement. Ã¢â¬Å"Nearly two-thirds of women who reported being rapedRead MoreCauses And Consequences Of An Abusive Relationship845 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesposed question is what would cause someone to stay in an abusive relationship. There are many reasons for not leaving, but the most common reason is fear. For many victims it seems financially impossible, or they still hold out hope that their partner will change. Almost all of the victims have been told that if they leave there will be worse repercussions for them and any children involved. The primary causes for staying in an abusive relationship are fear of leavin g because of finances, and fearRead MoreGeneral Characteristics of Battered Woman Syndrome1700 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand psychological trauma in women after prolonged abuse in an intimate relationship; the number of Battered Woman cases in America is rising each year and it is necessary that more attention be brought to its significance as well as the victims being effected. More informational programs can be used to prevent domestic violence as well as raise awareness for the battered women who will forever be traumatized by their abusive experience. Like many syndromes, BWS has several general characteristicsRead MoreThe Warning Signs Of Abuse1009 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDomestic Violence is a common pattern of aggressive behavior inside the family, typically between intimate partners. This type of violence includes not only physical abuse but also sexual abuse, psychological/emotional abuse, and financial abuse. According to the CDC on average, 20 people per minute are victims of physical violence by an intimate partner in the United States. Over the course of a year, that equals more than 10 million women and men( The National). In this paper, I will discuss
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Introduction According to a white paper conducted by the Intelligence Committee of the Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association (AFCEA), both law enforcement and intelligence organizations recognize the need to collaborate, share, and exchange information. However, the events leading up to 9/11 document how the legal and artificial boundaries between them created a serious impediment to protecting the country. First this paper will discuss some of the reasoning and initiatives behind the development of information sharing between the Intelligence Community (IC) and law enforcement agencies; and this paper will also discuss the similarities and difference between Title 50 United States Code (U.S.C.) intelligence activities to law enforcement information gathering/sharing. Apparently, the consensus is that, the IC and the law enforcement agencies need to share more information, that include operational strategies and tacticsÃ¢â¬âespecially those focused on transnational issues su ch as terrorism, drugs, counterintelligence, and weapons of mass destructionÃ¢â¬âneeded to be better integrated. In hopes of improving information sharing between the IC and law enforcement agencies, Congress passed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (IRTPA), and also established a new position of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI). The position of DNI replaced the Director of the Central Intelligence (DCI) as the senior intelligence official, head of theShow MoreRelatedU.s. Intelligence Community ( Ic )998 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesa new era in the U.S. intelligence community (IC). The terrorist act highlighted weaknesses in the IC including inefficient information-sharing mechanisms and gaps in domestic terrorism (Burch, 2008). As a result, the pattern of security in the U.S. shifted from focusing on hostile nations to adversary groups resulting in a change of approach to counterterrorism efforts (Lowenthal, 2003). 9/11 had, in short, prompted the largest reorganization of the intelligence community since 1947 (Burch, 2008)Read MoreIntegration Has Been The Vangu ard Initiative Of The Director Of National Intelligence806 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDirector of National Intelligence (ODNI). This initiative has been successful in several areas to include: the creation of National Intelligence Managers (NIM) for all primary geographic regions and functional areas; enhanced transparency; and the focus on the negative impacts of over classifying documents. However, not all efforts to integrate the intelligence community (IC) have been successful. For instance, the ODNI did not succeed at creating a comprehensive sharing environment, and has notRead MoreThe Cicc and Giwg Brief883 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesusage of technology, requirements, and cooperation between intelligence agencies is charged to the Criminal Intelligence Coordinating Council (CICC) and the Global Intelligence Working Group (GIWG). Working in concert, the CICC and the GIWG advocates for local police force agencies in the development and communicating of criminal intelligence to promote public safety and our NationÃ¢â¬â¢s security. The recognition by the National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan (NCISP) of the prominence of the state, localRead MoreIntelligence Sharing And The Capabilities Of The Homeland Security Enterprise Essay1670 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntelligence Sharing and the Capability of the Homeland Security Enterprise What are the capabilities and limitations of intelligence in supporting homeland security efforts? Since the deadly terror attacks of 9/11, intelligence gathering for homeland security has improved immensely. One of the most important developments in our law-enforcement structure that has enhanced our intelligence is the creation of fusion centers. Fusion centers are Ã¢â¬Å"state and major urban area focal points for the receiptRead MoreAn Internal Central Intelligence Agency1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages11th terrorist attacks on U.S soil many gaps were identified in our domestic and international intelligence programs. An internal Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) investigation revealed that CIA Task Forces failed to share information with the FBI about two suspected terrorists, Nawaf al-Hazmi and Khalid al-Mihdhar, as they entered the United States (9/11 Commission Report). The U.S Intelligence Community is made up of 15 different agencies, offices, and organizations within the Executive branchRead MoreThe Position Of Director Of National Intelligence1669 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageso f National Intelligence (DNI) was created under the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (IRTPA). The position of DNI replaced the Director of the Central Intelligence (DCI) as the senior intelligence official, head of the intelligence communityÃ¢â¬â¢s 16 agencies, and principal intelligence advisor to the President of the United States (POTUS) and the National Security Council (NSC). The IRTPA of 2004, also established the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) asRead MoreCyber Security Role For Homeland Security Intelligence1153 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe intelligence community itself has made a major shift of how it operates, what are its priorities and its ability to protect the nation in the entry of the 21st century. The attacks on 9/11 greatly changed the way we see the world now and has shown major flaws within the intelligence community. Those events led the creation of the Department of Homeland Security and with it pooled federal agen cies into in umbrella for it to be centralized in order to be effective. There are three categories inRead MoreThe Position Of Director Of National Intelligence1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNational Intelligence (DNI) was created under the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (IRTPA). The position of DNI replaced the Director of the Central Intelligence (DCI) as the senior intelligence official, head of the intelligence communityÃ¢â¬â¢s 16 agencies, and principal intelligence advisor to the President of the United States (POTUS) and the National Security Council (NSC). The DNI has several duties and responsibilities, but for the subject of improving intelligence informationRead MoreLaw Enforcement Today763 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswith the communities that they patrol on a daily basis. Sharing information between agencies are important not only for Home Land Security but for the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s safety as well. Law enforcement agencies are using The Home Land Securit y Information Network which allows them to securely collaborate with partners across the country. Law enforcement professionals also use HSIN to share information including Be on the Lookouts (BOLOs), Requests for Information (RFIs), For Your Information (FYIs)Read MorePolice Enforcement And Security Enforcement1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLocal law enforcement and also intelligence agencies utilize what is currently known as community policing as a tactic to acquire information. Intelligence led policing can be useful in many ways but one of the main ways it is utilized and is useful is when we try to fight against terrorism and dangerous events that might affect our community. A lot of community policing relays on the information that law enforcement officers aquiver from the community that they are trying to investigate. It is because
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Abstract This paper explores the debate over whether the drinking age should be lowered or raised in the United States. Multiple different sources are provided, each offering a different opinion. The article discusses the ethical, pathological, and emotional effects if the drinking age were to be lowered or raised. If the drinking age were to change, how would society react to this change and what would be the long term effects. Drinking has always caused negative effects, yet how would changing the age effect personal struggles. The sources describe different perspectives to each side, most wanting the age to lower, yet another source contradicts the debate on to lowering the age, and describes how the age works. The articles from Tracy (2008), Cloud (2014), and Engs (1998) all support the idea of lowering the age, yet Nagin (2012) opposes the idea of the lowering the age. All four sources and studies are essential to have a complete understanding of the topic. Drinking Age In America: The Ongoing Discussion Within Our Society Sometimes in life, in order to preserve something important, changes must be put into order for others safety or rights. The question of whether the drinking age should be lowered or raised has been debated for many years, but it seems that many are scared of change. If the drinking age were to be raised or lowered, would the United States see a decrease in binge drinking, physical abuse, or drunk driving. In addition to that,Show MoreRelatedThe Debate Over The Drinking Age1025 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshave always wondered why the drinking age was raised to twenty-one. I have looked and researched the following information but still donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a true explanation as to why it was raised to the age of twenty-one. The movement called Amethyst Initiative began recruiting university presidents to provoke national debate about the drinking age. College Presidents from about 100 of the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s universities, are calling on law makers to consider lowering the drinking age from twenty-one to eighteen byRead MoreThe Debate Over A Proper Legal Drinking Age1243 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe debate over a proper legal drinking age has been ongoing for decades. Some people believe twenty-one is the right age for legally consuming alcohol, while others believe twenty-one is too old. There are many supporters of an age limit of eighteen on alcohol consumption, but it has not been enough to sway Congress away from their set age of twenty-one. One major advocate for the age of twenty-one is the organization MADD, or Ã¢â¬Å"Mothers Against Drunk DrivingÃ¢â¬ . This organization supports the age ofRead MoreEssay about Debate Over the Legal Drinking Age1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Debate Over the Legal Drinking Age College life is filled with changes. It is filled with many new experiences. As college students, we are on our own, adults. As adults we are responsible for keeping up to date on information that affects us. One issue that affects college students nation wide is drinking. The current legal drinking age in the United States is twenty-one years of age. The Federal government raised the legal drinking age from 18 to 21 in 1984. Even with the current drinkingRead MoreQuicker Liquor Essay1506 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesShould We Lower the Drinking Age? | 18 vs. 21 | Ã¢â¬Å"Quicker LiquorÃ¢â¬ A Short Research Paper Should the legal drinking age be lowered? Those who supported the change for the 2009 re-authorization of the law (dubbed Pro 18), and those who wanted the law to remain at the current age of 21 (dubbed Pro 21), had three major categories to explore for this debate: safety, binge drinking and maturity. There is opposition and support on both sides of the issue including a coalition founded inRead MoreResearch Paper Drinking Age1565 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe legal drinking age refers to the youngest age at which a person is legally allowed to buy and consumes alcoholic beverages. The drinking age varies from country to country. Here in the United States the legal drinking age is twenty-one. There has been much debate on whether the drinking age in the United States should be lowered from twenty-one to eighteen. People in favor of keeping the drinking age at twenty-one believe that there will be less alcohol related injuries and deaths fromRead MoreLowering the Drinking Age to 18 May Help Reduce Binge Drinking1072 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe debate of the drinking age has been long discussed throughout America. The drinking age has been 21 for the last 22 years, and people around the country have wondered weather or not this was the right call. People say that 18 year olds may not be mature enough to drink alcohol and might not know when to stop. It isnÃ¢â¬â¢t that teenagers donÃ¢â¬â¢t know how to stop, but rather have not been properly taught when enough has been consumed or how to drink responsibly. Changing the drinking age from 21Read MoreDebate on the Legal Drinking Age736 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe drinking age has been twenty-one for the past thirty years, but for the past few years, there have been debates on changing the drinking age back to eighteen. Most individuals under twenty-one have consumed an alcoholic beverage; many have done so because he or she thinks it is cool and/or his or her friends want him or her to. Regardless of why individuals drink before the legal drinking age, if those individuals are caught by authorities, the individual(s) will have to face the consequencesRead MoreLowering The Minimum Drinking Age1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand Thailand are others Ã¢â¬â with a minimum drinking age over 18Ã¢â¬ (Griggs, 1). Wh en Ronald Reagan signed the National Minimum Drinking Age Act in 1984, its goal was to reduce less-mature adults from consuming alcohol and performing reckless acts (Cary, 1). However, despite the current drinking age, 17.5 percent of consumer spending for alcohol in 2013 was under the age of 21. It is estimated that Ã¢â¬Å"90 percent of underage drinking is consumed via binge drinkingÃ¢â¬ ¦with alcohol abuse becoming more prevalentRead MoreEssay on Lowering Drinking Age778 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesyou could not have an alcoholic drink till your twenty one. But there are people out there that think that we should lower that age to eight teen. A group of 129 college presidents are actually asking that there at least be a discussion to the argument (Lewis et al, 2008). They think that it would stop all the underage drinking at colleges and would teach kids at an early age how to handle alcohol (Lewis et al, 2008). In my option lowering it would not help all the problems we have with a lcohol. I feelRead MoreAlcoholism And The Consumption Of Alcoholic Liquor918 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Over eighty percent of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population over the age of eighteen has consumed an alcoholic beverage sometime in their lives. Of which, fifty-six percent of them have consumed an alcohol this month (http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/). Ã¢â¬Å"Alcoholism is an addiction to the consumption of alcoholic liquor. Alcoholism is considered to be a mental illness that results in alcohol dependencyÃ¢â¬ (Webster Dictionary). Statistics state that there were 2.5 million deaths worldwide; and 88,000 deaths in the United
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
He teaches them a revolutionary song called Beasts of England. Old Major dies soon after, but two pigs namedÃ SnowballÃ andNapoleonÃ adapt his ideas into the philosophy of Animalism. Three months later, the animals defeat Jones in an unplanned uprising. The farm is renamed Animal Farm. The ingenuity of the pigs, the immense strength of a horse namedÃ Boxer, and the absence of parasitical humans makes Animal Farm prosperous. The animals post the Seven Commandments of Animalism on the side of the barn. The commandments state that all animals are equal and no animal may act like a human by sleeping in a bed, walking on two legs, killing other animals, drinking alcohol, and so on. A fight for power soon develops between the two pigs Snowball and Napoleon. The rivalry comes to a head over Snowballs idea to build aÃ windmill. At the final debate about the windmill, Napoleon summonsdogsÃ he has secretly reared to be his own vicious servants and has them chase Snowball from Animal Farm. We will write a custom essay sample on Animal Farm: Plot Summary or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Napoleon tells the other animals that Snowball was a bad influence, eliminates the animals right to vote, and takes the burden of leadership on himself. He sends around a pig namedÃ Squealer, who persuades the animals that Napoleon has their best interests at heart. Three weeks later Napoleon decides they should build the windmill after all. The animals set to work, with Boxer leading. Focusing on the windmill reduces the productivity of the farm, and all the animals but the pigs get less to eat. The pigs begin to trade with other farms, move into Mr. Joness farmhouse, and start to sleep in beds. This confuses the animals who considered this forbidden behavior. But when they check the Commandment about beds, it reads: No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets. Over the next few years, Animal Farm battles with its human neighbors. The windmill gets destroyed first by a storm and then by a human attack. Napoleon blames all catastrophes on the traitor Snowball, and uses fear tactics, information control, and deadly purges of anyone he considers an enemy to strengthen his power over the farm. Meanwhile, the pigs secretly continue to rewrite the Commandments and all of Animal Farms history to support their lies. They give the animals less food and demand more work, while eating more and working less themselves. The other animals, duped by the pigs misinformation, continue to consider themselves part of a great revolution. When Boxer, the most devoted worker on the farm, is no longer able to work, the pigs sell him to a glue factory and use the proceeds to buy whiskey. Years pass. Now only a few of the remaining animals on the farm experienced the revolution. Even fewer remember its goals. The pigs teach themselves to walk on two legs and begin carrying whips. When the animals look at the Seven Commandments, they have been replaced by the statement: All animals are equal. But some animals are more equal than others. The pigs make peace with their human neighbors and have a feast. The other animals are shocked to discover that they can no longer tell the pigs from the humans.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
Macbeth There are many forms of imagery in the world today. They usually take on two main forms, those being visual and mental. Word means different thing to different people. The Websters Dictionary defines it as, in rhetoric, representations in writing or speaking; lively descriptions which impress the images of things on the mind; figures in discourse. This once again goes back to the idea of mental imagery and the different ways people interpret things. In William Shakespeares Macbeth. Imagery is connected to both character development as well as theme and are patterned throughout the play. From the beginning of the play we are introduced to image of darkness. It was called upon by Banquo, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. In his aside to Macbeth "But tis strange: And oftentimes, to win us to our harm, The instruments of darkness tell us truths, Win us with honest trifles, to betray us In deepest consequence" (I, II, 131-135) Banquo shows that he is immediately aware that the witches are associated with darkness. He chooses not to act on the witches prophecies, but rather to be wary and reluctant. He is not ready to involve himself with the witches, as he sees them as a dark force. However Macbeth is on opportunist and the image of darkness reveals his deepest, darkest desires. This is shown in Macbeth's aside. "The Prince of Cumberland! that is a step On which I must fall down or else o'ver-leap, For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires; Let not light see my black and deep desires" (I, IV, 55-58) It becomes apparent that, it bothered Macbeth a great deal to hear that Malcolm was named successor to King Duncan, he then calls on darkness to hide his evil thoughts. Lady Macbeth does the same, she conjures up the forces of darkness, to make sure the heavens don't see her having these thoughts. "Come, thick night, And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell, That my keen knife see not the wound it makes, N'or heaven peep through the blanket of the dark, To cry, "Hold, hold!" (I, V, 53-57) By the end of Act I, we can see that Macbeth and Lady Macbeth have sided with "Darkness". By listening to the prompting of the witches they have given in to them and side with the forces of evil. But, Banquo, is still cautious about the idea of even and darkness. He shows us that the witches ae only tell partial truths that look pretty at first, but, will hurt you in the end. This also brings to us to the theme of evil and how it does the same thing. It comes across as being very tempting but, will definitely bring you down in the end. Another strong image in the play is "blood". It is perhaps the most powerful image of Macbeth's character change. One such image is portrayed just before Macbeth visits the witches for the second time. He says to his wife, Lady Macbeth that "For mine own good All causes shall give away; I am in blood Stepp'd in so for, that, should I wade no more, Returning were as tedious as go o'er:" (III, IV, 166-169) This says that he is no longer concerned with who is in his way as long as he gets to the top. He is being driven by evil once again. The blood image shows that once Macbeth sided with the forces of darkness, killing Duncan, he was overwhelmed and would never escape evil's ugly grasp. Thus changing his character forever. It also effects the them of the play. In Elizabethan times, to be named King you were appointed by God. So, to kill a King you are going against God, thus once again siding with evil. So when Macbeth murdered King Duncan it was almost like a "cardinal sin". So bad in fact than he would never be able to clean his hands of the blood. If he were to try to clean his hands there would be so much of it that it would turn the oceans red with the blood of the King (God). This point is made clear by Macbeth when he says. "Will all great Neptune's oceans wash this blood Clean from my hand? No; this my hand will rather the multitudinous seas incarnadine, Making
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Neurosis essays Neurosis, (or psychoneurosis), are mental disorders that cause frequent feeling of anxiety, depression, or other general feeling of distress that are not normal to the circumstances of life. This can affect any and all areas of life, whether being everyday activities to relationships. Generally though, the conditions arent severe enough to completely remove the neurotic from a normal life. Those suffering usually dont lose sense with reality as is a symptom of the much more dire psychosis. During the mid 19th century the term neurosis was keyed to characterize disorders that were neurological in origin. However, some twenty-five to thirty years later, the prefix psycho was added when it was discovered that the symptoms were mental and emotional as well. Psychoanalytic tradition suggests that psychoneurosis is caused by intrapsychic conflicts, which are conflicts between drives, impulses, and or motives that are stored in different components of the mind. Sigmund Frued theorized that the postulated existence of some unconscious part of the mind amidst its other functions, suppresses certain thoughts memories, or feelings that are unacceptable to the conscious mind. These repressed items are generally sexual are aggressive desires or thoughts or painful emotions or feelings. They cause anxiety when these things try to enter the conscious mind. The mind then responds to the upcoming feeling by attempting to push them back into their suppressed state. The mind uses defense mechanisms such as repression, denial or reaction formation. Neurosis begins when these defense mechanisms fail and forbidden impulses begin to appear in the conscious mind once again. Some believe that neurosis is a learned response to stress that can be unlearned. This would mean that the neurotic arent sick necessarily, but have certain maladaptive habits based on self-conditioning and possibly observation of others...
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Evaluating 360-degree Feedback System - Assignment Example Besides the normal appraisal to determine employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ effectiveness, the 360- degree feedback approach may serve other important purposes such as Ã¢â¬Å"professional development and succession planningÃ¢â¬ as it allows the management a comprehensive knowledge over its employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s capacities. It is also applicable in determining rewards to employees, determining human resource development needs, and managing performance. Further, the approachÃ¢â¬â¢s implementation process is simple and only requires normal managerial skills and resources. It, for example, involves the establishment of goals, determination of participants, development of performance criteria and selection of data collection and analysis methods. These are then followed by implementation of appraisal and communication of results (Pravin, 2010). The appraisal strategy, however, has both strengths and weaknesses that must be considered before its implementation. One of its strengths is the wide information sources on whose basis employees are appraised. This increases the probability of reliable and valid results for informed decisions. It also promotes knowledge of an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s human resource base towards interpersonal understanding and relations. This facilitates teamwork that is the core of Creative Minds Inc. Its wide scope also reduces chances of discriminative appraisals and it facilitates identification of employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ needs towards efficient productivity (Prakashan, 2007). The management should however not have very high expectations from the system whose design may be challenging due to its research skills needs. The approach may also be ineffective if it is not aligned with the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives, and may have more attention on employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ weaknesses than strengths.